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Social Determinants of Health Tool

Social Determinants of Health Tools

View a presentation on the selected tools required of the participating hospitals. These tools are the Patient Activation Measure (PAM) and the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Short Screener (GAIN-SS) Version 3.

What is PAM?
The Patient Activation Measure® (PAM®) assessment gauges the knowledge, skills and confidence essential to managing one’s own health and healthcare. The PAM assessment segments consumers into one of four progressively higher activation levels. Each level addresses a broad array of self-care behaviors and offers deep insight into the characteristics that drive health activation. A PAM score can also predict healthcare outcomes including medication adherence, ER utilization and hospitalization. Read more.

What is GAIN—SS Version 3? 
The 5-minute GAIN Short Screener (GAIN-SS) is designed primarily for three things.

First, it serves as a screener in general populations to quickly and accurately identify individuals as having one or more behavioral health disorders (e.g., internalizing or externalizing psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, or crime or violence problems), which suggests the need for referral to some part of the behavioral health treatment system.

Second, estimates of need from the GAIN-SS can be used as a common metric across multiple systems and as a denominator for quality assurance on the extent to which the rate of diagnoses/referrals are consistent with the estimated mix of problems from the GAIN-SS.

Third, it serves as a periodic measure of behavioral health change over time. Read more




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